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Well Drilling Regulations

The Real-Edwards Conservation and Reclamation District regulates groundwater from wells in these two counties.   Prior to any drilling, you must file an application with the District Office.  While many of the area water well drillers  have the application, you may download it from this website. It is best if you obtain it thru the District office.  This is done by calling (830) 232-5733 and asking for an application.  District personnel will be able to answer any questions you may have as well as inform you about certain specific requirements that could affect your ability to drill a well. Once completed, you must return the application along with a non-refundable filing fee of $100.00.

Wells that are capable of producing over 25,000 gallons per day are not considered exempt and require an application for operating permit in addition to the initial application.

The District considers a well to be exempt if the well is located on a tract of land of ten acres or more and if the well is incapable of producing over 25,000 gallons per day. In addition the District also exempts from requiring a permit for drilling or producing from a well on lot sizes of ten (10) acres or fewer insofar as there shall be only one well per lot that is either drilled, completed or equipped so that it is incapable of producing more than 25,000 gallons of groundwater a day (36.117(b)(1)) and the well is used to supply groundwater for five or fewer households if each of the households is for the well owner, a person related to the well owner within the second degree of affinity or consanguinity, or an employee of the well owner and the water is for Domestic Use only.  in certain instances, some small wells may still be considered “Non-Exempt”.

Spacing Requirements:

  • A new well may not be drilled within 50 feet from the property line of any adjoining landowner.However, if you can obtain waivers signed by the adjoining landowner(s) stating that they have no objection to the proposed location of the well site, the spacing requirements may be waived.
  • A well must be located a minimum horizontal distance of 50 feet from any watertight sewage facility and liquid-waste collection facility.

  • A well must be located a minimum horizontal distance of 150 feet from any contamination, such as existing or proposed livestock or poultry yards, privies, and septic system absorption fields.

  • A well must be located at a site not generally subject to flooding; provided, however, that if a well must be placed in a flood prone area, it must be completed with a watertight sanitary well seal and steel casing extending a minimum of 36 inches above the ground level.

  • No well may be located within five-hundred (500) feet of a sewage treatment plant, solid waste disposal site, or land irrigated by sewage plant effluent, or within three-hundred (300) feet of a sewage wet well, sewage pumping station, or a drainage ditch that contains industrial waste discharges or wastes from sewage treatment systems.

This document provides only a general overview of requirements for drilling water wells in Real and Edwards Counties and is not intended to be the sole source of information on that process.  For more  information on this subject or other activities of the Real-Edwards Conservation and reclamation District, contact the District’s office at (830) 232-5733.  Copies of the District’s Rules are available upon request.